NULL on error flipping bits whilst updating pixels

Taking advantage of Python's concurrent futures to full saturate your bandwidth

I am starting a new series of small snippets of code which I think that maybe useful or inspiring for others.

Let’s suppose you have a pandas’ dataframe with a column named URL which one do you want to download.

The code below takes the advantage of the multi-core processing using the ThreadPoolExecutor with requests.

import multiprocessing
import concurrent.futures

from requests import Session
from requests.adapters import HTTPAdapter
from urllib3.util import Retry

session = Session()

retry = Retry(connect=8, backoff_factor=0.5)
adapter = HTTPAdapter(max_retries=retry)
session.mount("http://", adapter)
session.mount("https://", adapter)

def download(url):
    filename = "/".join(["subdir", url.split("/")[-1]])

    with session.get(url, stream=True) as r:
        if not r.ok:

        with open(filename, "wb") as f:
            for chunk in r.iter_content(chunk_size=8192):

def run(df, processes=multiprocessing.cpu_count() * 2):
    with concurrent.futures.ThreadPoolExecutor(processes) as pool:
        list(, df["url"]))

if __name__ == '__main__':
    df = pd.read_csv("download.csv")